Argentina is one of the larger South American country, occupying the larger part of the southern part of South America, lies between Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil, Uruguay, the Atlantic Ocean and Chile to the west.
It has a varied landscape from the rugged Andes Mountains, in the west, the bare, windswept plateau of Patagonia extends across the south and the Pampas, a fertile, grassy plain, lies near the middle of the country. Forests spread across much of the north along the borders of Bolivia and Paraguay.
Most Argentines are of Spanish or Italian ancestry.
The native Indians make up only a small part of the country's present population. The official language is Spanish.
Most Argentines are Roman Catholics.
The Spanish conquerors first explored the land looking for silver (Hence the name Argentina from the Latin word for silver, argentum) and gold during the 1500's. They never found much riches, but the fertile soil proved to be far more valuable. During the late 1800's and early 1900's, was one of the wealthiest nations in the world.
Today, Argentina remains rich in natural resources, but soaring inflation and a some extreme political problems have damaged the economy. Manufacturing and the service industries are important parts to Argentina's economy. Argentina is a leading producer and exporter of beef, maize, wheat and flaxseed. The petroleum industry produces nearly all the nation's oil needs.
Argentina is about 2,780,092 square kilometres.
It stretches about 3,700 kilometres from north, nearly tropical climate to south, only about 970 kilometres from Antarctica.
Petroleum is Argentina's most important mineral resource.
Hydroelectric plants supply more than a third of Argentina's electricity.
Petroleum, coal, natural gas, and two nuclear power plants also provide electric power.
Railways, roads, and air routes spread out from Buenos Aires, linking most of Argentina's cities and towns with the capital.